Established in 1987, Erasmus is the most important education and professional training program in the European Union when it comes to mobility and cooperation for higher education in Europe. The different activities of the program are not only designed for students who want to study and work abroad, but also for professors and other types of personnel, even the ones in other organizations, who intend to teach abroad, as well as to university personnel who wish to undergo training abroad. Additionally, the program supports higher education institutions interested in cooperation through intensive programs, academic networks and multilateral projects, and also in establishing connections with the business environment.

At the national level, the following are the objectives established for the Erasmus Program for 2013:
• elaborating the national qualifications framework, according to the european qualifications framework;
• developing coherent accreditation, recognition or certification mechanisms for studies or other educational experiences obtained abroad, carried out in a formal, non-formal or informal context, including the use of Europass and of the diploma supplement;
• conceptual and methodological development of certain guides for a harmonized curriculum elaboration;
• establishing the education and training offer of the universities according to the needs of the European workforce market;
• ensuring the flexibility and diversification of the educational routes offered to the students, in concordance with the various needs;
• improvement of counseling and orientation;
• the reform of the initial and continuous training of the teaching personnel for university education;
• promoting the European dimension in the higher education system, particularly through emphasizing inter-university cooperation.